The Balearic Islands consist of the four main islands of Majorca, Minorca, Ibiza and Formentera, as well as 11 uninhabited islets. All of the islands are popular tourist destinations and people stay at Majorca hotels to enjoy the Mediterranean climate, the golden beaches and range of sporting facilities available on the Islands. There are two World Heritage Sites awarded by UNESCO in the Balearics: the town of Ibiza and the Serra de Tramuntana mountain range. Another island in the Balearics, Minorca was designated a Biosphere-Reserve by UNESCO in October 1993, on account of its diverse fauna and flora.
The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO) was formed on the 4th November 1946, when representatives of forty-four countries came together and decided to form an organisation that would embody a genuine culture of peace. Since then it has moved to preserve sites of great interest for future generations to enjoy; the World Heritage Sites. The UNESCO biosphere reserves are site – specific examples of sustainable development and their aim is to teach people about the environment. In order for a site to be considered a World Heritage Site it has to be proposed by a country, citing its eligibility. The proposal is put before the International Council of Monuments and the World Conservation Union, who consider its merits. There are ten selection criteria and each site proposed has to fulfil at least one of them to be considered. 검증사이트
The Serra de Tramuntana Mountain range was awarded World Heritage status by UNESCO on 27th. June 2011, who cited it as “an area of great Physical and Cultural significance”. The Tramuntana mountain range forms the natural backbone of the Spanish island of Majorca. This area of largely unspoilt beauty attracts many visitors to hotels in Majorca. The highest point of the Serra de Tramuntana is the 1,445 metre high peak, Puig Major and it is the highest mountain in the Balearics. The climate here is significantly wetter than the rest of the island, with an average rainfall of 1507 mm (59.3 inches) annually. Some parts of the Balearic Islands only experience an annual rainfall of 15 inches. The mountain range is also cooler because of its height and a few falls of snow are not uncommon during the winter. The mountain is covered with pine forests, bizarre shaped limestone rocks and grass. The coastline is steep and walls of limestone fall directly into the sea from heights of 300- 500 metres.
Ibiza was designated a World Heritage site in 1999 and as such is protected from development and commercialisation of the main city area. Although widely known as “The Clubbing Capital of the World”, it also has quite a few archaeological sites as well as areas of unspoilt beauty, and so attracts many people to the Ibiza hotels. Ibiza was awarded World Heritage status as it has five major sites. They include the Ibizan shoreline with its unique biodiversity and the well preserved Posidonia, which is being threatened in most Mediterranean locations. Archaeological sites on Ibiza, such as the 16th century fortifications at Alta Villa, the Phoenician ruins at Sa Calesta and the Phoenician- Punic cemetery at Puig des Molins are fine examples of Renaissance architecture and deserved to be preserved for future generations to enjoy.